GATE Syllabus & Exam Pattern

GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is regulated by the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee which is a national level exam organized for providing admission to Postgraduate courses of engineering i.e. M.Tech. The aptitude test will be conducted in February. In this article, we are providing complete information about GATE 2018 Syllabus.

GATE Syllabus & Pattern

  • GATE 2018 Exam Pattern includes a total of 65 questions which carry of 100 marks.
  • The duration of the examination will be of 3 hours.
  • GATE 2018 question paper will consist of two sections: Multiple Choice questions & Numerical Answers Questions.
  • There will no provision of negative marking in numerical questions.

GATE Syllabus

GATE exam syllabus comprises of 23 papers.

GATE Syllabus of General Aptitude (GA)

  • Verbal Ability: English grammar, verbal analogies, sentence completion, word groups, critical reasoning, instructions, and verbal deduction.
  • Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical reasoning numerical estimation and data interpretation

Syllabus of Aerospace Engineering (AE)

The AE topics divided into two categories: core topics (including 90% questions) & special topics (including 10% remaining questions).

Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):

  • Core Topics: Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations.
  • Special Topics: Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, Fourier series, Laplace Transforms, Numerical integration, and differentiation.

Section 2 (Flight Mechanics):

  • Core Topics: Basics, Static stability & Airplane performance.
  • Special Topics: Dynamic stability: Euler angles, stability & control derivatives, Equations of motion, aerodynamic forces and moments, decoupling of longitudinal, , longitudinal modes & lateral-directional dynamics lateral-directional modes.

Section 3 (Space Dynamics):

  • Core Topics: Determination of trajectory Central force motion, and orbital period in simple cases.
  • Special Topics: Orbit transfer, in-plane, and out-of-plane.

Section 4 (Aerodynamics):

  • Core Topics: Airfoils and wings, Compressible Flows & Basic Fluid Mechanics,
  • Special Topics: Elementary ideas of viscous flows counting boundary layers, Wind Tunnel Testing: Measurement and visualization techniques.

Section 5 (Structures):

  • Core Topics: Strength of Materials, Structural Dynamics & Flight vehicle structures
  • Special Topics: Vibration of beams, Theory of elasticity: Airy’s stress function, Equilibrium and compatibility equations.

Section 6 (Propulsion):

  • Core Topics: Basics, Axial compressors, Axial turbines, Thermodynamics of aircraft engines, Centrifugal compressor & Rocket propulsion.
  • Special Topics: No Special Topics.

Syllabus of Agricultural Engineering (AG)

Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):     

  • Linear Algebra, Probability and Statistics, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential Equations, & Numerical Methods.

Section 2 (Farm Machinery):

  • Farm Machinery & Machine Design.

Section 3 (Farm Power):

  • Sources of  Power, Tractors and Power tillers & Farm Power.

Section 4 (Soil and Water Conservation Engineering):

  • Fluid Mechanics, Soil and Water Erosion, Soil Mechanics, Surveying and Leveling, Hydrology, & Watershed Management.

Section 5 (Irrigation and Drainage Engineering):

  • Soil-Water-Plant Relationship, Groundwater Hydrology & Wells and Pumps, Irrigation Water Conveyance and Application Methods& Agricultural Drainage.

Section 6 (Agricultural Processing Engineering):

  • Drying, Processing and By-product Utilization, Size Reduction and Conveying, & Storage Systems.

Section 7 (Dairy and Food Engineering):

  • Preservation of Food & Heat and Mass Transfer

Syllabus of Architecture and Planning (AR)

Construction and Management, Architecture and Design, Building Materials, Building and Structures, Planning Techniques and Management,  Environmental Planning and Design, Urban Design, Urban Planning and Housing, Services, Infrastructure, and Transportation.

Syllabus of Biotechnology (BT)

Engineering Mathematics, Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Recombinant DNA Technology, General Biotechnology (Biochemistry, Microbiology, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Analytical Techniques, Immunology, Bioinformatics), Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology.

Syllabus of Chemical Engineering (CH)

Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations, Engineering Mathematics, (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Heat Transfer, Mass Transfer, Instrumentation and Process Control, Chemical Reaction Engineering, Plant Design and Economics & Chemical Technology.

Section 1 (Physical Chemistry):

Structure, Kinetics, Equilibrium, & Surfaces and Interfaces.

Section 2 (Inorganic Chemistry):

Main Group Elements, Transition Elements, Bioinorganic Chemistry, Lanthanides and Actinides, Radioactivity, Organometallics, Solids & Instrumental Methods of Analysis.

Section 3 (Organic Chemistry):

Stereochemistry, Reaction Mechanisms, Organic Synthesis, Heterocyclic Compounds, Pericyclic Reactions and Photochemistry, Biomolecules & Spectroscopy.

Syllabus of Civil Engineering (CE)

Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):

Linear Algebra, Calculus, Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods, Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE), Partial Differential Equation (PDE).

Section 2 (Structural Engineering):

Engineering Mechanics, Solid Mechanics, Structural Analysis, Concrete Structures, Steel Structures, Construction Materials and Management

Section 3 (Geotechnical Engineering):

Foundation Engineering & Soil Mechanics

Section 4 (Water Resources Engineering):

Hydrology & Irrigation, Fluid Mechanics, Hydraulics

Section 5 (Environmental Engineering):

Municipal Solid Wastes & Noise Pollution, Water and Waste Water, Air Pollution,

Section 6 (Transportation Engineering):

Highway Pavements, Transportation Infrastructure, & Traffic Engineering.

Section 7 (Geomatics Engineering):

Principles of surveying, Remote sensing & Photogrammetry.

Syllabus of Computer Science and Information Technology (CS)

Syllabus of CS will be covering all important topics of the BE/ curriculum.

Engineering Mathematics (Discrete Mathematics, Linear Algebra, Calculus, Probability), Digital Logic, Algorithms, Theory of Computation, Computer Organization and Architecture, Programming and Data Structures, Compiler Design, Operating System, Computer Networks & Databases

Syllabus of Ecology and Evolution (EY)

Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology, Ecology, Evolution, & Behavioural Ecology.

Syllabus of Electrical Engineering (EE)

GATE electrical engineering syllabus constituted of many core topics. All these topics are listed below.

Electric Circuits, Electromagnetic Fields, Signals and Systems, Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods, Transform Theory), Electrical Machines, Power Systems, Control Systems, Digital Electronics & Power Electronics, Electrical and Electronic Measurements &  Analog.

Syllabus of Electronics and Communications (EC)

Engineering Mathematics, Electronic Devices, Analog Circuits, Digital Circuits, Networks, Signals and Systems, Control Systems, Communications & Electromagnetics.

Syllabus of Geology and Geophysics (GG)

Common Section:

Earth and Planetary system, Introduction to remote sensing, Weathering and soil formation, Principles and applications of gravity.


Geomorphic processes and agents, Cosmic abundance of elements, Igneous rocks, Mechanism of rock deformation, Crystallography, Principles of Stratigraphy, Engineering properties of rocks and soils &Physico-chemical conditions of metamorphism, Morphology


The earth as a planet, different motions of the earth, Elements of Earth’s magnetic field, Scalar and vector potential fields, Absolute and relative gravity measurements, Basic concept of EM induction in the earth Conduction of electricity through rocks &  Geophysical signal processing.

Syllabus of Instrumentation Engineering (IN)

Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Differential equations, Analysis of complex variables, Digital Electronics, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Electrical Circuits, Control Systems, Analog, Signals and Systems, Electronics, Measurements, Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation, Communication and Optical Instrumentation.

Syllabus of Mathematics (MA)

Algebra, Linear Algebra, Complex Analysis, Real Analysis, Probability and Statistics Ordinary Differential Equations, Numerical Analysis, Functional Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Topology, & Linear programming.

GATE Syllabus of Mechanical Engineering (ME)

Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):

Linear Algebra, Calculus, Probability and Statistics Differential equations, Complex variables, & Numerical Methods.

Section 2 (Applied Mechanics and Design):

Engineering Mechanics, Vibrations & Machine Design, Mechanics of Materials & Types of Machines

Section 3 (Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences):

Heat-Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics & Applications.

Section 4 (Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering):

Engineering Materials, Machining and Machine Tool Operations, Casting, Forming and Joining Processes, Metrology and Inspection, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Production Planning and Control, Inventory Control & Operations Research.

GATE Syllabus of Metallurgical Engineering (MT)

Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Thermodynamics and Rate Processes, Extractive Metallurgy, Physical Metallurgy, Mechanical Metallurgy & Manufacturing Processes.

Syllabus of Mining Engineering (MN)

Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):

Linear Algebra, Probability and Statistics, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential equations, & Numerical Methods.

Section 2 (Mine Development and Surveying):

Mine Development & Mine Surveying.

Section 3 (Geomechanics and Ground Control):

Geomechanics, Ground Control  &Engineering Mechanics

Section 4 (Mining Methods and Machinery):

Mining Methods and Mining Machinery.

Section 5 (Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground Hazards):  Mine Ventilation, Surface Environment, and Subsurface Hazards.

Section 6 (Mine Economics, Mine Planning, Systems Engineering): Mine Planning , Mine Economics, and Systems Engineering.

Syllabus of Petroleum Engineering (PE)

Probability and Statistics, Linear Algebra, Calculus, Petroleum Exploration, Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology, Petroleum Formation Evaluation, Differential equations, Complex variables, Numerical Methods, Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry, Reservoir Engineering, Petroleum Production Operations, Offshore Drilling and Production Practices, Oil and Gas Well Testing, Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques & Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering.

Syllabus of Physics (PH)

Mathematical Physics, Electromagnetic Theory, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics, Solid State Physics & Electronics, Nuclear and Particle Physics

GATE Syllabus of Production & Industrial Engineering (PI)

Section 1 (Engineering Mathematics):

Linear Algebra, Probability and Statistics, Calculus, Differential equations, Complex variables, & Numerical Methods.

Section 2 (General Engineering):

Engineering Materials, Theory of Machines and Design, Applied Mechanics, Thermal and Fluids Engineering.

Section 3 (Manufacturing Processes I):

Casting, Polymers and Composites, Metal Forming, Joining of materials, Powder processing

Section 4 (Manufacturing Processes II):

Machine Tools and Machining, Computer Integrated Manufacturing & Non-traditional Manufacturing.

Section 5 (Quality and Reliability):

Metrology and Inspection, Reliability, Quality Management, and Maintenance.

Section 6 (Industrial Engineering):

Product Design and Development, Facility Design & Work System Design

Section 7 (Operations research and Operations Management):

Operation Research, Production control & Project management, Engineering Economy and Costing,

GATE Syllabus of Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF)

Engineering Mathematics (Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Differential Equations, Probability and Statistics, Numerical Methods), Yarn manufacture, Yarn structure and Properties, Textile Fibers, Fabric manufacture, Structure and Properties, Textile Testing & Chemical processing.

Syllabus of Engineering Science (XE)

Engineering Mathematics (XE-A):

This section is Mandatory for all XE candidates.

Probability and Statistics & Numerical Methods, Linear Algebra, Calculus, Vector Calculus, Complex variables, Ordinary Differential Equations & Partial Differential Equations

Fluid Mechanics (XE-B):

Flow and Fluid Properties, Kinematics, Differential Analysis, Inviscid flows,Integral analysis, Dimensional analysis, Internal flows, Prandtl boundary layer equations.

Materials Science (XE-C):

Processing of Materials, Properties of Materials (Mechanical Properties, Electronic Properties, Magnetic Properties, Thermal Properties, Optical Properties), Characterization Techniques, Structure and Imperfections, Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Material types, Environmental Degradation, Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics.

Solid Mechanics (XE-D):

Equivalent force systems, Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams, Stresses and strains, Free vibration of single degree of freedom systems.

Thermodynamics (XE-E):

Basic Concepts, Properties of Pure Substances,  First Law of Thermodynamics, Second Law of Thermodynamics, Thermodynamic Relations, Thermodynamic Cycles, Ideal Gas Mixtures.

Polymer Science and Engineering (XE-F):

Chemistry of high polymers, Polymer Characterization, Polymer Technology, Polymer rheology Synthesis and properties, Polymer blends and composites, Polymer processing, Polymer testing.

Food Technology (XE-G):

Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Food Products Technology & Food Engineering,  Food Microbiology, Atmospheric

Ocean Science (XE-H):

Ocean Sciences & Atmospheric Science

Syllabus of Life Science (XL)

Chemistry (XL-P):

Atomic Structure and Periodicity, Structure and Bonding, s, p and d Block Elements, Reaction Kinetics, Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibria, Electrochemistry, Organic Reaction Mechanisms & Structure-Reactivity Correlations

Biochemistry (XL-Q):

Organization of life, Enzyme kinetics including its regulation and inhibition, Cell structure and organelles, Biochemical separation techniques, DNA replication & Immune system.

Botany (XL-R):

Plant Systematics, Physiology and Biochemistry, Plant Anatomy, Morphogenesis & Development, Genetics, Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification, Plant Pathology, Economic Botany, Ecology and Environment.

Microbiology (XL-S):

Historical Perspective, Methods in Microbiology, Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function, Chemotherapy/Antibiotics, Microbial Growth, Control of Micro-organisms, Microbial Metabolism, Microbial Diseases and Host-Pathogen Interaction, Microbial Genetics & Microbial Ecology.

Zoology (XL-T):

The animal world, Evolution, Genetics, Animal Anatomy and Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, Development Biology, Gene expression in Eukaryotes, Parasitology, and Immunology, Ecology & Animal Behaviour.

Food Technology (XL-U):

Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Food Products Technology, Food Microbiology& Food Engineering.

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